Friday, August 21, 2020

E.E Cummings Essays (469 words) - Poetry, Literature, E. E. Cummings

E.E Cummings Essays (469 words) - Poetry, Literature, E. E. Cummings E.E Cummings The uncountable love sonnets of e.e. cummings have arrived at the ears and hearts of many. since feeling is first, You and tired and some place I have never voyage, happily past, all infer that some place individuals truly love one another. The speaker in these sonnets adored the subject so much that he is prepared to quit any pretense of everything for her. A sonnet brimming with adoration, some place I have never voyage, readily past, shows the affection a man has for a lady. The entry, (I don't have the foggiest idea what it is about you that closes also, opens; just something in me gets it the voice of your eyes is more profound than all roses) outlines just a piece of the affection he has for this lady. Intellectually he can not grasp the adoration he has for her. Just an inclination within him totally comprehends what's going on. The lady in this sonnet speaks with her eyes. None of the roses on the planet would ever match the profundity of her eyes, so incredibly sentimental. Another amazingly sentimental sonnet, since feeling is first, pronounces how much a man cherished a lady. woman I depend on all blossoms. Dont cry the best motion of my mind is not exactly your eyelids ripple which says we are for one another; at that point chuckle, reclining in my arms e.e. cummings makes a setting with blossoms, an exceptionally sentimental motion. Sentimental signals bring sentimental sentiments, the speaker at that point announces his profound feelings for this lady. The very ripple of her eyelid gets far more prominent than the most profound idea he has ever had. He is unassuming to her, for he sees all the enormity in her and acknowledges he can't manage without her. Lines fourteen through eighteen show the sentimental topic of adoration in You are worn out. However, I accompany a fantasy in my eyes this evening, also, I thump with a rose at the miserable entryway of your heart open to me! For I will show you the spots Nobody knows, What's more, on the off chance that you like, the ideal spots of Sleep The lady in this sonnet is becoming weary of her life and of things being broken. The man appears at the entryway to her heart. He has a fantasy about removing her from this world that breaks so without any problem. He needs to give her places that she doesn't have a clue. At the point when he says the ideal spots of rest, he implies that when they nod off in every others arms, it will be great. The sentimental artist e.e. cummings catches the hearts of numerous with only a couple of lines of verse. Through these three sonnets, individuals discover words to communicate their feelings of affection towards one another. A great many people make some hard memories trying to say three little words.

Sunday, July 12, 2020

Variable Interval Schedule of Reinforcement

Variable Interval Schedule of Reinforcement Theories Behavioral Psychology Print How Variable Interval Schedules Influence Behavior By Kendra Cherry facebook twitter Kendra Cherry, MS, is an author, educational consultant, and speaker focused on helping students learn about psychology. Learn about our editorial policy Kendra Cherry Updated on February 21, 2020 Albert Mollon / Getty Images More in Theories Behavioral Psychology Cognitive Psychology Developmental Psychology Personality Psychology Social Psychology Biological Psychology Psychosocial Psychology In operant conditioning, a variable-interval schedule is a schedule of reinforcement where a response is rewarded after an unpredictable amount of time has passed, which is the opposite of a fixed-interval schedule. This schedule produces a slow, steady rate of response.?? As you probably recall, operant conditioning can either strengthen or weaken behaviors through the use of reinforcement and punishment. This learning process involves forming an association with behavior and the consequences of that action.?? Psychologist B.F. Skinner is credited with the introduction of the concept of operant conditioning. He observed that reinforcement could be used to increase a behavior, and punishment could be used to weaken behavior. He also noted that the rate at which a behavior was reinforcement had an effect on both the strength and frequency of the response. How Does a Variable-Interval Schedule Work? To understand how a variable-interval schedule works, lets start by taking a closer look at the term itself. Schedule refers to the rate of reinforcement delivery, or how frequently the reinforcement is given. Variable indicates that this timing is not consistent and may vary from one trial to the next. Finally, interval means that delivery is controlled by time. So, a variable-interval schedule means that reinforcement is delivered at varying and unpredictable intervals of time.?? Imagine that you are training a pigeon to peck at a key to receive a food pellet. You put the bird on a variable-interval 30 (VI-30) schedule. This means that the pigeon will receive reinforcement an average of every 30 seconds. It is important to note that this is an average, however. Sometimes the pigeon might be reinforced after 10 seconds; sometimes it might have to wait 45 seconds. The key is that the timing is unpredictable. Characteristics of the Variable-Interval Schedule Very resistant to extinction??The rate of response is moderate but steadyVery minimal pause after reinforcement is given Examples of Variable-Interval Schedules Checking Your Email: Typically, you check your email at random times throughout the day instead of checking every time a single message is delivered. The thing about email is that in most cases, you never know when you are going to receive a message. Because of this, emails roll in sporadically at completely unpredictable times. When you check and see that you have received a message, it acts as a reinforcer for checking your email.??Your Employer Checking Your Work: Does your boss drop by your office a few times throughout the day to check your progress? This is an example of a variable-interval schedule. These check-ins occur at unpredictable times, so you never know when they might happen. The chances are good that you work at a fairly steady pace throughout the day since you are never quite sure when your boss is going to pop in, and you want to appear busy and productive when she does happen to stop by. Immediately after one of these check-ins, you might briefly pause and take a short break before resuming your steady work pace.Pop Quizzes: Your psychology instructor might issue periodic pop quizzes to test your knowledge and to make sure you are paying attention in class. While these exams occur with some frequency, you never really know exactly when he might give you a pop quiz. One week you might end up taking two quizzes, but then go a full two weeks without one. Because you never know when you might receive a pop quiz, you will probably pay attention and stay caught up in your studies to be prepared.

Wednesday, May 20, 2020

The War Of The Vietnam War - 1772 Words

The wars in Indochina and Vietnam ravaged the landscape for decades. The strive for Vietnamese independence was fought for years by men and women across the country. Who were these people and why did they fight? Two of the more interesting men who fought for Vietnamese independence were Truong Nhu Tang, and Lam Quang Thi. Truong was a member of the southern Vietnamese intelligentsia who would later become a key member of the National Liberation Front(NLF), that would be instrumental in fighting against the Saigon government and American presence in Vietnam. Lam on the other hand couldn’t have had a much different goal in fighting for a sovereign Vietnam. Lam decided that his best course of action was to enlist into what would eventually be the Army of the Republic of Vietnam(ARVN), the army of southern Vietnam, eventually rising to the rank of general. I’ve had the pleasure of reading their memoirs (along with several others), and an interesting question came i nto my mind. Why would these two men, who had comparable backgrounds, choose such strikingly different ways of attempting to foster Vietnamese independence. I’ll attempt to answer this question by examining in more detail their comparable backgrounds, educations, early lives, families, etc, and striving to find an answer. As a further comparison Le Ly Hayslip, a woman from central Vietnam who also got involved in the fighting, will also be examined, but in much less detail, and more as a comparison to theShow MoreRelatedThe War Of Vietnam And The Vietnam War1525 Words   |  7 PagesThe war in Vietnam is The United States and other capitalist bloc countries supported South Vietnam (Republic of Vietnam) against the support by the Soviet Union and other socialist bloc countries of North Vietnam (Democratic Republic of Vietnam) and the Vietcong of war. Which occurred during the Cold War of Vietnam (main battlefield), Laos, and Cambodia. This is the biggest and longtime war in American history during the 1960s (Best 2008). It is also the most significant war after World War IIRead MoreThe War Of The Vietnam War1475 Words   |  6 Pageson one such event, the Vietnam War, came from entertainment-based programs and the play Miss Saigon. Despite heavy coverage in such well-known comedic films as Forrest Gump and Good Morning Vietnam, the true events were anything but a laugh for those involved. In spite of the relative recentness of the events in Vietnam, many of today’s youths know little about the topic. The events in Vietnam raise the ever-present question on the ethics of third party involvement in a war otherwise unrelated toRead MoreThe War Of The Vietnam War1729 Words   |  7 Pagesspread of communism all around the world. This is what lead to the gruesome war that lasted over a decade in Vietnam. A great deal of social changed happened all over the world, but particularly in America as the Vietnam War dragged on. As people became more a ware of the atrocities going on in Southeast Asia, the endless domestic support turned into widespread explosive protest. During the first few years of the Vietnam conflict, Americans full heartedly supported the United States and its governmentRead MoreThe War Of The Vietnam War1379 Words   |  6 Pagestensions over the Vietnam war caused many americans to become divided on the actions taken by the government across seas. Americans questioned whether the government could be trusted. The feeling of betrayal and government secrecy created the â€Å"Credibility Gap,† in which many americans believed that the government no longer was for the people, but for anything else that would benefit the government. The Vietnam War exacerbated the gap between the pro-war traditionalists and anti-war liberals along withRead MoreThe War Of The Vietnam War1430 Words   |  6 Pagesended in 1989, the Vietnam war is still being fought, but on a different battlefield, one of public opinion. Some call this war an atrocity, a war the United States should never have joined. Others call it a crime, committed by the power hungry politicians of the U.S. Now that new information from both sides of the war has surfaced and the wounds of battle have had more time to heal there is yet another opinion emerging. The Vietnam War was in fact only one of many proxy wars fought under the umbrellaRead MoreThe War Of The Vietnam War1155 Words   |  5 PagesThe Vietnam War cost many Americans their lives in the 60s and 70s. Many were drafted into the war by choice and others selectively chosen to join to help America. The contributions made had a major impact on the American side of the Vietnam War. Though many contributions were made none stand out any more than others. It is sometimes said there is always a hero in the war who helped the victory. Wars, however, do not have war heroes because a hero is making an undeniable contribution to the war andRead MoreThe War Of The Vietnam War1592 Words   |  7 PagesThe Vietnam War was said to be one of the most significant wars in the twentieth century. This w ar took place from November 1, 1955 to April 30, 1975. It was at the time, the longest war in American history. Much of the conflict was centered in Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia. During that time, approximately 58,219 US troops were killed in action. The reason America got involved in the Vietnam War was to stop the spread of communism in South East Asia and beyond. â€Å"America’s involvement in Vietnam derivedRead MoreThe War Of The Vietnam War1204 Words   |  5 Pagesus†¦ When that is the way you are, how do you conduct your life?† The Vietnam War killed over fifty eight thousand Americans and over 61% of the men killed were 21 years or younger. Most Americans are conflicted with the fact whether the Anti War Movement played a factor in prolonging the Vietnamese War. â€Å"In every story there are two sides and in between lies the truth.† Anonymous The United States become involved in Vietnam after the French withdrew when the Republican President Dwight EisenhowerRead MoreThe War Of The Vietnam War877 Words   |  4 PagesAnother big difference in this war was that the Vietnam War was had more disapproval and was more expressive within the American public, unlike the Korean War. The ANITWAR MOVEMENT started in the 1960s this group was never enacted until this era. There was not a group like this in Vietnam, but there were many groups that opposed the war. The main object of these revolts was the American military presence in Indochina. The ANITWAR MOVEMENT caused an influence not only socially, but also in the realmRead MoreThe War Of The Vietnam War1421 Words   |  6 PagesIn July and August of 1972, Jane Fonda made radio broadcasts from Hanoi that changed the way Americans thought of the Vietnam war and of her. To this day, many people view her as a traitor and criticise her actions in Vietnam; however, some people we re truly inspired by her words and what she had to say. Despite people s personal opinions, Fonda was a powerful speaker and knew how to convey her message to her audience. She tried to convince people that the American government and military were the

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Life Of A Multi Sport Athlete - 1148 Words

There is a time in the life of a busy multi-sport athlete (and especially the longer, time-constrained, endurance athlete) when you must eat, it must be a complete meal, and it must be quick. Your body can only support high volume training, proper performance, and immune system strength for a limited period of time if all your quick meals consist of microwaved meals in a box, gas station trail mix, and even all-organic food bars. You ll eventually crash. So you must make a habit of regularly eating fast healthy meals and wholesome foods without heavy amounts of preservatives, salts, sweeteners, and synthetic chemicals, and you must to figure out how to do it without huge amounts of time and preparation needed. On that note, I m going to give you my top ten meals that I rely on when I need good, nutritious food fast. That is, when I ve finished a big ride and have to be at work in 10 minutes, when I ve gotten back from the gym and need to be in ben within an hour, or when I have just a few minutes to make a dish to fuel a workout. Each meal includes a complete blend of protein and carbs for recovery and performance needs, and while none of these quick healthy meals are as tasty as filet mignon, lobster ravioli, or a loaded chopped vegetable salad, they will fulfill the physiological needs of the busy multi-sport athlete. These are all relatively cheap eats with ingredients that are budget-friendly. Here are the top 10 meals that I personally make and have ingrainedShow MoreRelatedLarge Salaries of Pro Athletes Negative Effects on Athletes and Sports1574 Words   |  7 PagesLarge Salaries of Pro Athletes Negative Effects On Athletes and Sports Abstract This paper will explain the effects of the luxury contracts of athletes on sports as well as the athlete. The debate is whether the effect is a negative effect or not. This paper will aim to show how the contracts of athletes have changed significantly over time. It will also show how the pro athlete affect the sport of college in different aspects and if that helps or hurt the college athletics or influencesRead MoreShould Athletes Be Overpaid?1642 Words   |  7 Pagesis constantly on celebrities and glorifying the life of professional athletes. The question of athletes being overpaid and not really working arises more and more. What makes their nontraditional occupation wurth a multi million dollar contract? Some say nothing-- they are grossly overpaid, but the simple truth is that the road to get to the pros entails dedication, overcoming adversity, diet, training, image and consistency. The idea that athletes are overpaid is completely false because of theRead MoreSports Marke ting: The Agent Athlete Relationship and Ethical Issues 1052 Words   |  5 Pagesbusiness management, financial and risk analysis, and of course, sports. In order to be a successful sports agent one must not only be a great negotiator, but also be highly motivated, have exceptional communication skills, be prepared to work long hours and handle multiple tasks at the same time. An agent must be able to apply effective marketing principles. The â€Å"Four P’s† of marketing are: 1. Product (or Service) - What does the athlete want from the agent? What needs does the agent satisfy? 2. Promotion-Read MoreShould College Athletes Be Paid?1701 Words   |  7 Pagestotal revenue of nearly $1 Billion. How much of that went to the 460,000 NCAA student-athletes, you may ask? Zero dollars and zero cents. The debate on whether or not student-athletes should be paid, specifically college football players, continues to grow. With this, it becomes increasingly more difficult to deny the fact that college sports are a multi-billion industry and coaches are being paid out multi-million dollar contracts over several years as a result of whether or not their playersRead MorePositive And Negative Effects Of Sports In Sport1247 Words   |  5 PagesNike released their motto, â€Å"Just Do It,† in 1988 at an advertising agency meeting. Striving to bring inspiration and innovation to athletes throughout the world, Bill Bowerman said, â€Å"If you have a body, you are an athlete.† This simplistic phrase can be related to many different situations, whether someone ’s parent is telling their child to clean their room or to walk their dog, but the child is refusing one may say, â€Å"Just Do It!† However in relation to athletics it may perceived as both a positiveRead MoreBlg Athletic Apparel Is A Sports Apparel Retailer Based Essay1211 Words   |  5 Pages1.0 Executive Summary BLG Athletic Apparel is a sports apparel retailer based in Worcester, Massachusetts. BLG offers the most comprehensive selection in town. By offering the most complete selection as well as a knowledgeable support staff, BLG will quickly gain attention in the market and grab a share of the market. Worcester was chosen because of its diverse, active population. Worcester is full of people who are looking to sport to better themselves and social interactions. BLG Athletic ApparelRead MoreConcerns in the Game647 Words   |  3 PagesCollegiate sports have progressed to one of the most highly profitable industries in the U.S. today. Through the years, these institutions have developed, marketed, and optimized a method to generate revenue of high levels. Yet, no one seems to have a problem with the fact that these players are being utilized and objectified for their talents. Each athlete must give up more than they should, without reasonable benefits. In fact, The University of Alabama ma de nearly $143.5 million in revenue aloneRead MoreShould College Athletes Be Paid?1402 Words   |  6 PagesShould College Athletes be Paid? Most American people like sports. College Sports have been growing up every year and universities and athletes are more competitive every year. The NCAA (National Collegiate Athletic Association) was founded in 1906 to protect young people from the dangerous and exploitive athletics practices of the time and continues to implement that principle with increased emphasis on both athletics and academic excellence (NCAA 2012). The NCAA make and apply the rules in collegeRead MoreSports Influence On The Dominant Social Values1515 Words   |  7 PagesSports influence on the dominant social values in American life Americans have always loved sports; although the sports early Americans practiced may not still today be what the majority of people enjoy. For example, early Americans hunted, swam, ran, rode horses and played competitive games such as tug of war. They also participated in military skills contests, which have always been seen as an acceptable form of leisure time activity across many cultures. Sports have always been part of the AmericanRead More Professional Athlete Salaries Essay1363 Words   |  6 PagesProfessional Athlete Salaries In today’s society many will argue whether or not professional athletes are overpaid. In the present time athletes are being paid phenomenally large amounts of money for their entertainment. It is my claim that all professional athletes are overpaid because they do not offer society an essential function that improves or enhances our world in comparison to other professionals such as medical doctors, lawyers, and teachers. Society does not value entertainment

Analysis of Management Issues Starbucks †

Question: Discuss about the Analysis of Management Issues Starbucks. Answer: Introduction Starbucks is the strongest competitor in the food and beverages industry currently. Though the sales of the company had dropped in the past few years. However they have recovered their business recently. This research aims at carrying out analysis of management issues faced by Starbucks in the past few years which resulted in its loss of business. Further it shall examine its current market position and the strategies adapted by it to regain its market share. The research shall be helpful to understand the marketing functions that need to be practiced to launch a brand effectively in different markets. Background In the year 2008, the operating profits of the company had dropped drastically due to increase in its operating costs and restructuring costs. The company had to shut its stores in Australia and unemployed up to 700 employees to cover up for the losses(Forbes 2016). The company had placed itself as an affordable luxury brand which however did not take care of the tastes and preference of the population in Australia. The chain tried to enforce American taste on Australians and was available everywhere in Australia(Mescall 2010). Significance of the study Studying the comeback of the coffee giant would help us understand the strategies adapted by the giant to cover up for its losses. This would further enable the readers to comprehend the effect of particular strategy in their situation and how can it be implemented. To come back in the market, Starbucks had adopted extensive Social Media Marketing techniques. The study would serve as a base for further studies relating to Social Media Marketing and its effectiveness in similar cases. Aims of research This research aims at identifying the various reasons behind the downfall of the major coffee giant, Starbucks. It further aims at analyzing various managerial issues faced by the company which led to such a condition and how those issues were resolved. Further it aims at analyzing the current market position of the company and the strategies adopted by it to attain this position. Research Questions Question 1 What were the Factors or Managerial Issues behind the downfall of Starbucks? Question 2 What is the Current Market Position of Starbucks? Question 3 What are the strategies adopted by Starbucks to re-attain the current market position? Literature Review First Starbucks was opened in 1971 by three friends who shared the same passion for coffee. In 1987, the company was sold to Schultz, who changed the logo of the company and merged his existing coffee restaurant named Li Giomale and Starbucks and naming it Starbucks. In 1990, the company expanded beyond Seattle throughout US. The company opened its outlets in Australia in 2000 at Sydney. The company opened several outlets in all major cities of Australia and was available everywhere. However, soon by 2008 the company was forced to shut many of its outlet due to losses. (Starbucks 2017). One of the major reasons behind its initial failure is said to be its lack of appropriate positioning in the Australian market. Positioning refers to the act of the company wherein it designs, establishes the companys offers, its image and communicates the key benefits of the products it offers in the market or the targeted population in a way that it can occupy a distinct place in the minds of the customers (Armstrong et al., 2014).The company failed to communicate its distinct feature to the customers and tried to account only on the brand name it gained all over the world(Business Think 2012). Another important marketing function is developing the product as per the market and pricing it appropriately. Starbucks entered Australia assuming the products suitable for American market shall be suitable for Australian as well. However, Australians found the products to be not worth the prices being charged. Thus they shifted back to Baristas available all over the market (Mescall 2010). Research methodology: Data Collection Method To conduct this study the appropriate research methodology shall be descriptive as the questions have been clearly described and the answers for them have to be found. Thus, the researcher knows the direction of his research. The data for this research shall be collected through the secondary data available in various forms such as articles, research papers, company reports and meetings etc. certain data shall also be collected through employee interview(Nassaji 2015). Research Approach The research shall be inductive in its approach as it does not aim at proving any particular theory. The research aims at finding out the theories which have proved to be helpful for Starbucks to overcome the issues face by it and regain the current market position(Malhotra, Birks and Wills 2013). Research Philosophy To conduct this research, the study shall be done on the basis of positivism research philosophy. It is believed that the data collected is observable and measurable and is trustworthy(Nassaji 2015). Ethical Considerations The research shall be conducted honestly and with complete integrity. There shall be no biasness towards the company or any particular strategy adopted by them. The researcher shall refrain himself from plagiarizing others work and due reference shall be given in case of adapting someones work(Malhotra, Birks and Wills 2013). References Armstrong, G., Adam, S., Denize, S. and Kotler, P., 2014. Principles of marketing. 6th ed. Australia: Pearson Education. Business Think, 2012.Marketing Lessons: Whatever Happened to Starbucks. [online] Available at: [Accessed 7 Sep. 2017]. Chua, A. and Banerjee, S. (2013). Customer knowledge management via social media: the case of Starbucks. Journal of Knowledge Management, 17(2), pp.237-249. Forbes (2016). Starbucks' Challenges And How It Can Overcome Them. [online] Available at: [Accessed 8 Aug. 2017]. Malhotra, N., Birks, D. and Wills, P., 2013. Essentials of Marketing Research. 1st Ed. Australia: Pearson. Mescall, J., 2010.Starbucks in Australia: Where did it go wrong?. [online] ABC News. Available at: [Accessed 7 Sep. 2017]. Nassaji, H. (2015). Qualitative and descriptive research: Data type versus data analysis. Language Teaching Research, 19(2), pp.129-132. Schultz, H. (2012). Pour your heart into it: How Starbucks built a company one cup at a time. 1st ed. UK: Hachette. Starbucks (2017). Company Information | Starbucks Coffee Company. [online] Starbucks Coffee Company. Available at: [Accessed 8 Aug. 2017].

Thursday, April 23, 2020

Louis Armstrong His Childhood, And Early Years Of His Music Essays

Louis Armstrong: His Childhood, And Early Years Of His Music Brian McLaughlin History of Jazz 12/18/98 Professor Torff Louis Armstrong: His childhood, and the early years of his music He was born in the south at a time when a black boy could expect nothing but to grow up, work hard at the lowest jobs all his life, and hope somehow, somewhere manage to stay healthy and get a little out of life.(P.1 Collier) Get a little out of life Louis did, a pure genius he revolutionized America's first true form of art, jazz. Doing a paper on Louis Armstrong has been enjoyable to do and the information that is available on Armstrong is endless. So much that this paper is going to concentrate on Louis Childhood how he got involved with music and the early years of his music career with King Oliver's Creole Jazz Band and the recordings of the Hot 5's and Hot 7's. Satchmo, which is only one of his nicknames originated from people saying he had a mouth like a satchel, is a truly an extraordinary man. He started his life living in the slums of New Orleans, but would go one and play in front of some of the most important people in the world such as presidents, kings, and queens. Piecing together the facts around Armstrong's birth and childhood is difficult. What is known depends almost entirely on what he later told people. He was born sometime around 1900. Louie was raised by his grandmother Josephine Armstrong as an infant. His father abandoned him and his mother around the time of his birth. Louis spoke scathingly about his father when he spoke about him at all. He loathed his father so much that he told reporter Larry King, I was touring Europe then my father died. Didn't go to his funeral, didn't send nothing. Why should I He never had no time for me or Maryann (his mother). (p. 19 Coller) Louis had a genuine affection for his mother, though she was very undependable, leaving her son to take care of himself and his sister for days at a time. There is very little we know of Armstrong's family as you can see. Louis grew up in New Orleans in a tough area known, as The Battle Field where knife fights and gun play were common. At the age of about seven he moved to black Storyville. It consisted of dance halls honky tonks and brothels. It was an entertainment district like London's Soho. He grew up with music all around him. He could hear music from outside is house when he woke up and when he went to bed. It is recorded that Louis did attend school at the Fisk school where he learned to read and write. How long he attended this school is another mystery. One fact we do know about Louis is that he was arrested on New Years Eve 1912 for shooting a gun. Louis was around eleven at the time, and this was a very serious offense. He was sent to the Coloreds Waif House a reform school on the out skirts of New Orleans. Here Louis was introduced to organized music in the form of the school band. The school band was run by Captain Joseph Jones in a military fashion that was extremely strict. This is where Louis's life changed from delinquent to a disciplined young man this was also when Louis was introduced to playing a musical instrument. The teacher, Professor Pete Davis, first had reservations of letting Louis play in the school's brass band because he thought Louis was a bad kid. Finally Louis was let into the band, and received his first formal training on an instrument. More importantly th an the music training Louis received from Professor Davis were the real life lessons Lois received. Professor Davis had more to do with Louis' self respect and discipline than with musicianship. Even more important was that Louis finally formed a positive relationship with an older male, a father figure, whose discipline Louis was willing to except. Until this time, he had more or less acquiesced to the life into which he had been born, a world of pimps, thieves, hookers, and